Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hua Chunying's Regular Press Conference on January 26, 2015
At the invitation of Foreign Minister Wang Yi, Bazoum Mohamed, the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Cooperation, African Integration and Nigeriens Abroad of the Republic of Niger will pay an official visit to China from February 1 to 6.
Q: US President Barack Obama is on his second visit to India. He and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi had an all-round discussion and released a joint statement. Despite differences, the two countries signed several nuclear deals to expand nuclear cooperation and came to an agreement on climate change. What is China's comment on the outcomes of the visit by President Obama? President Obama said that he recommended India's accession to the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). Does China support that?
A: We have noted the visit by US President Obama to India. Both the US and India are countries of great influence in the Asia-Pacific. It is hoped that the development of US-India relations will help promote mutual trust and cooperation among countries in the region, and safeguard peace, stability and prosperity of the region as well.
With regard to India's accession to the NSG, the Chinese side always maintains that the expansion of the NSG should be conducive to the efficacy and authority of the group and a decision should be made based on consensus through full discussions by member states in light of the standard and procedure of the group. The Chinese side has noted the commitment and efforts made by the Indian side in non-proliferation. India's accession is an important issue for the group, which should be put through prudent deliberation of all member states. We support discussions by the group on the inclusion of new members and encourage the Indian side to take more measures to meet relevant requirements of the group.
Q: In their joint statement, President Obama and Prime Minister Modi also expressed their concerns over the South China Sea dispute and called for the freedom of navigation in this area. What is your comment on that?
A: China is firm in advocating, promoting and contributing to peace and stability of the region. We maintain that relevant disputes in the South China Sea should be peacefully resolved through dialogue and consultation between countries directly concerned. The overall situation of the South China Sea is stable. The freedom of navigation and overflight there has never seen any problem and will never see any in the future.
We hope that countries out of the region can respect efforts made by countries in the region to uphold peace and stability of the South China Sea and keep the serenity of the South China Sea.
Q: Given China's increasing interest in Greece, is China concerned that the parliamentary election in Greece may leave it facing the risk of debt default before exiting the eurozone?
A: We have noted the victory of Syriza in the smooth parliamentary election of Greece. The Chinese side expresses its congratulations. China and Greece enjoy long-standing friendship, with the two peoples closely attached to each other. The Chinese side highly values relations with Greece and hopes to work together with the new Greek government to deepen exchanges and cooperation in various areas and keep advancing the comprehensive strategic partnership of China and Greece. China consistently supports the process of European integration, and is happy to see a European Union that showcases solidarity and strength.
Q: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe reportedly said that he would in general uphold the statements issued by previous Japanese prime ministers in his statement to be released on the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. Instead of using the same wording that appeared in the Murayama Statement, he would highlight Japan's post-war contribution to peace in Asia and the world. What is China's comment on that?
A: This year marks the 70th anniversary of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War and the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. It is a significant year to review the history and look forward into and map out the future. We follow closely what attitude the Japanese government and leaders adopt and what message they send when it comes to the history of aggression. Are they trying to deny or water down that part of history, and carrying on the negative assets? Or do they prefer to travel light by sincerely and profoundly reflecting upon the history of aggression? The international community is watching. We hope that the Japanese side can live up to the statement and commitment it has so far made on historical issues, pursue peaceful development with concrete actions, strive to win the trust of the international community and play a constructive role for regional peace and stability.
Q: Having received 48.3% of the vote, Edgar Lungu, the candidate of the ruling Patriotic Front and head of Zambia's justice and defense ministries, was declared the winner of the presidential by-election of Zambia and sworn in. What is China's comment on that? What is China's expectation for China-Zambia relations?
A: The presidential by-election of Zambia was successfully held with candidate of the Patriotic Front Lungu elected and sworn in as the new president. The Chinese side expresses congratulations.
Zambia is a traditional friend and an important cooperative partner of China in Africa. The two countries have been trusting and supporting each other and carrying out fruitful cooperation in various fields. The Chinese government attaches high importance to developing China-Zambia relations and stands ready to make concerted efforts with the Zambian side to elevate bilateral relations of friendly cooperation.
Q: Political unrest has recently rocked Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). Many Chinese-owned shops there were impacted. You have briefed us about the work done by China last week. Please update us on that.
A: As I said last Thursday, since January 19, protests and demonstrations on domestic issues held by opposition parties of the DR Congo in Kinshasa has triggered riots, leaving people dead and injured and shops looted. Some Chinese people and Chinese-funded projects in Kinshasa were affected, with over 30 shops looted and 3 people injured.
After the break-out of the incident, the Chinese Foreign Ministry and the Chinese Embassy in the DR Congo immediately activated the emergency response mechanism, lodged solemn representations with the Embassy of the DR Congo in Beijing and the government of the DR Congo in Kinshasa respectively, asking them to take swift and effective measures to guarantee the security of life and property of Chinese institutions and personnel there. With the help of the mechanism set up by the local police and Chinese people there to jointly guard against emergencies, the Chinese Embassy in the DR Congo delivered the trapped Chinese people from danger and took them to safe areas.
The DR Congo pays high attention to China's representations. President Joseph Kabila requested relevant departments to take concrete measures to protect Chinese people there, bring perpetrators to justice and properly deal with follow-up matters. Officials at different levels of the DR Congo told the Chinese side on many occasions that the unrest caused by DR Congo's domestic problems was not targeting Chinese shops and people. More concrete measures will be taken to ensure the security and interests of Chinese people there.
The Chinese Embassy in the DR Congo has sent WeChat and text messages and given telephone calls to Chinese companies and people there, telling them to take extra precautions. The situation in the DR Congo is gradually calming down. The life and work of Chinese people and companies there are returning to normal. The Chinese side will continue to urge the DR Congo to take effective measures to properly deal with the aftermath and protect the security and lawful rights and interests of Chinese companies and people in the DR Congo.
Q: Chinese Premier Li Keqiang told Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in Davos that the Chinese side would continue to play a positive and constructive role in the political settlement of the Ukrainian issue. What is China's comment on the violence in eastern Ukraine? Will China consider joining the mediation?
A: The Chinese delegation has released the information on Premier Li Keqiang's meeting with Ukrainian President Poroshenko in Davos, Switzerland.
China and Ukraine are countries enjoying long-standing amity. The Chinese side appreciates the Ukrainian leaders' desire of advancing China-Ukraine relationship based on past achievements and stands ready to develop the relationship of friendly cooperation with Ukraine following the principle of mutual respect and mutual benefit. At the same time, China attaches great importance to the growth of China-Russia relations and will work together with the friends of Russia to keep China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination at a high level and constantly deepen and broaden China-Russia strategic cooperation in various fields.
The Chinese side has elaborated its stance on the situation in Ukraine on many occasions. We expect parties concerned to reach a comprehensive, balanced and enduring political solution at an early date while accommodating each other's legitimate rights and interests and concerns through the Normandy format and Minsk format. We hope that parties concerned will bear in mind the fundamental interests of the entire Ukrainian people, push vigorously ahead with the political settlement of the Ukrainian issue and assure people of eastern Ukraine of a peaceful and stable life at an early date.
Q: Political parties in Nepal are locked in disagreement on the drafting of a constitution. The constitutional process has reached an impasse. How does China view the current situation in Nepal?
A: The Chinese side follows closely the development of the situation in Nepal. As a neighbor and friend of Nepal, we sincerely hope to see that all political forces in Nepal give priority to the fundamental interests of the country and the people, seek common ground while removing differences, strive to reach political agreement through dialogue and consultation, finish the drafting of a constitution at an early date, and deliver lasting stability and development to the country and happiness to the people.
Q: A Japanese hostage was killed by the Islamic State. What is China's comment on that?
A: The Chinese side is opposed to all forms of terrorism and extreme actions targeting innocent civilians. The Chinese side believes that the international community should step up cooperation and jointly rise up against the threat of terrorism in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter as well as other well-recognized basic norms governing international relations.
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