Q: A recent report titled "Chinese Influence and American Interests: Promoting Constructive Vigilance"released by Stanford University's Hoover Institution said that China is trying to infiltrate into and influence US think tanks, universities, media and governments at various levels and undermine democratic values. It also expressed concerns about things like the Chinese government's influence and Chinese language media in the US. Has the Chinese government seen a copy of this report? Which part of it do you disagree with?
A: As a regular to the press conference, you may have known that as a principle, we do not directly and specifically respond to the viewpoints, remarks, articles and reports of media, think tanks, experts and scholars. So, I would just give you some general response.
Forty years ago, in pursuit of reform and opening-up, China opened its door to the enterprises, media, think tanks and students from all other countries, including the United States. During the past four decades, they have borne witness to and also taken part in the process of China's reform and opening-up, contributing to the achievements China has scored in its development so far.
Today, forty years later, we hope that the United States, as the No.1 superpower in the world, can also remain open to the enterprises, media, think tanks and students from all other countries, including China, and make positive contributions to enhancing the mutual understanding and promoting the mutually beneficial cooperation with other countries. We hope and believe that the US side can have such confidence in themselves.
We Chinese people always say that we have confidence in four aspects, namely our path, theories, system and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We hope that the US can also have confidence in these four aspects of their own.
We now live in an era of globalization and all countries are citizens of one and same global village. People of all countries have now built a community with a shared future with our exchanges getting closer and our interests highly integrated. Any attempt to obstruct and disturb the normal exchanges and cooperation between the people around the world with a zero-sum game mindset just runs against the trend of history as well as the will of the people and is doomed to fail.
Q: After the state visit of President Xi Jinping to Spain this week, what is your comment on the current relations between China and Spain, both politically and diplomatically?
A: President Xi Jinping has just wrapped up his successful state visit to Spain. During this visit, President Xi Jinping met with King Felipe VI and held talks with Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón. He also met with the entrepreneurs from the two sides and participated in a series of productive events.
This visit has elevated the China-Spain comprehensive strategic partnership to a higher level. After the visit, the two sides issued a joint statement. According to the statement, the two sides will continue to cement and deepen practical cooperation across the board in jointly advancing the Belt and Road Initiative, promote China-Europe cooperation and enhance coordination and collaboration in international and regional affairs. I believe that this has sent out a very positive and strong signal to the outside world.
We are willing to work with Spain to follow through on the joint statement and scale our bilateral ties to a new height in the new era.
Q: According to a French media report, Russian, US, Chinese, and French cyber-security officials had a close-door meeting in Paris to discuss rules of conduct in cyberspace. Can you comment on this and give some details?
A: I'm not aware of this meeting you mentioned, and I can check on that for you later.
As a principle, cyberspace is a common space shared by mankind. The future of cyberspace should be in the hands of all nations. Countries should step up communication, broaden consensus and deepen cooperation to jointly build a community with a shared future in cyberspace.
China has always been building, upholding and contributing to cyberspace. We stand ready to join hands with the international community to deepen dialogue and cooperation and make contributions to building a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative and orderly cyberspace.
Q: The Trump administration is considering new background checks and other restrictions on Chinese students in the US over growing espionage concerns. How do you comment on that and will China do retaliatory steps in this sphere?
A: In fact, I think my reply to a previous question is also applicable here.
We are now living in an era of globalization. Any attempt to artificially sever people-to-people exchanges and create obstacles for the normal exchanges and cooperation between people of different countries will be unpopular and is doomed to fail.
When it comes to China and the US in particular, I shall say that the people-to-people exchanges and cooperation between China and the US are in the common interests of the two sides and in line with the shared aspirations of the two peoples. People-to-people exchanges also serve as the foundation to promote exchanges and cooperation in various fields between China and the US. We hope that the US will put this in perspective and vigorously promote the people-to-people exchanges and cooperation with China, so as to create better conditions for such exchanges and cooperation between the two sides rather than doing the opposite.
Q: US President Trump has suggested that he may be close to do some kind of deal on trade with China when he meets with President Xi. How does China view this prospect?
A: I have been taking similar questions at my press conferences these past few days. The Chinese side has been stressing that the economic and trade cooperation between China and the US is mutually beneficial and win-win in nature. Now the economic teams of the two sides are maintaining close contact to follow through on the consensus reached by the two heads of state at their telephone conversation on November 1. We hope the US side will show sincerity and meet China halfway so as to reach a mutually acceptable solution. Meanwhile, we also hope that with the concerted efforts of both sides, the upcoming meeting between the two heads of state in Argentina will achieve positive outcomes and chart a course for the development of China-US relations going forward.
Q: The Spokesperson of the US Pacific Fleet said that a US Navy ship conducted another freedom of navigation operation in the South China Sea on November 26. What's your comment?
A: On November 26, a US Navy ship trespassed into China's territorial waters off the Xisha Islands without approval. China immediately sent military vessels and aircraft to identify and verify the US warship in accordance with the law, and warned it off. The Chinese side has lodged solemn representations with the US side.
I shall point out that the relevant move of the US warship has violated the Chinese laws and relevant international laws, severely undermined China's sovereignty and put in jeopardy the peace, security and sound order in relevant waters. China firmly opposes the relevant action of the US side and urges it to immediately stop such provocation that infringes upon China's sovereignty and threatens China's security. China will continue to take necessary measures to safeguard its sovereignty and security.