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What is the reason for saying "Taiwan is an inalienable part of China"?
2004/06/16

Taiwan has belonged to China since ancient times. The Chinese people were the earliest developers of Taiwan. The historical document "Seaboard Geographic Gazetteer" compiled 1,700 years ago gave an account of it. This was the world's earliest written account of Taiwan. From the 3rd to the 7th century, the State of Wu during the period of the Three Kingdoms and the Sui Dynasty sent many expeditions to Taiwan respectively, each totaling over 10,000 people. Since early 17th century the Chinese people began to step up the development of Taiwan. Started from the Yuan Dynasty (1206 AD - 1368 AD) the Chinese governments of different periods set up administrative bodies to exercise effective jurisdiction over Taiwan.

In mid 17th century, Dutch colonialists invaded and occupied Taiwan. National hero Zheng Chenggong expelled the Dutch colonialists in 1662 and recovered Taiwan. In 1895, owing to the defeat in the 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese War, the Qing government was forced to sign the unequal Treaty of Shimonoseki, ceding Taiwan and Penghu Islands to Japan. In July 1937, the Chinese people threw themselves into an all-out war of resistance against Japanese aggression. In its declaration of war against Japan, the Chinese government proclaimed the abrogation of all unequal treaties concluded with Japan and declared the recovery of Taiwan and Penghu Islands. In 1945, Japan declared surrender and unconditionally accepted the Potsdam Proclamation and the Cairo Declaration, and returned Taiwan to China. Thereupon, Taiwan was again incorporated into the territory of China and was put back under the jurisdiction of Chinese sovereignty.

Since 1949, for the reasons well known to all, Taiwan and the mainland of China have been in a state of temporary division, but this has not changed the fact the Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. There is only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inalienable part of China - this is the common understanding of the Chinese at home and abroad and is recognized by the vast majority of countries in the UN Organization and in the world.


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