Taiwan has belonged to China since ancient times.
The Chinese people were the earliest developers of Taiwan.
The historical document "Seaboard Geographic
Gazetteer" compiled 1,700 years ago gave an account of
it. This was the world's earliest written account of Taiwan.
From the 3rd to the 7th century, the State of Wu during the
period of the Three Kingdoms and the Sui Dynasty sent many
expeditions to Taiwan respectively, each totaling over
10,000 people. Since early 17th century the Chinese people
began to step up the development of Taiwan. Started from the
Yuan Dynasty (1206 AD - 1368 AD) the Chinese governments of
different periods set up administrative bodies to exercise
effective jurisdiction over Taiwan.
In mid 17th
century, Dutch colonialists invaded and occupied Taiwan.
National hero Zheng Chenggong expelled the Dutch
colonialists in 1662 and recovered Taiwan. In 1895, owing to
the defeat in the 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese War, the Qing
government was forced to sign the unequal Treaty of
Shimonoseki, ceding Taiwan and Penghu Islands to Japan. In
July 1937, the Chinese people threw themselves into an
all-out war of resistance against Japanese aggression. In
its declaration of war against Japan, the Chinese government
proclaimed the abrogation of all unequal treaties concluded
with Japan and declared the recovery of Taiwan and Penghu
Islands. In 1945, Japan declared surrender and
unconditionally accepted the Potsdam Proclamation and the
Cairo Declaration, and returned Taiwan to China. Thereupon,
Taiwan was again incorporated into the territory of China
and was put back under the jurisdiction of Chinese
Since 1949, for the reasons well
known to all, Taiwan and the mainland of China have been in
a state of temporary division, but this has not changed the
fact the Taiwan is an inalienable part of China. There is
only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inalienable
part of China - this is the common understanding of the
Chinese at home and abroad and is recognized by the vast
majority of countries in the UN Organization and in the world.