Q: The DPRK and the ROK held their first intergovernmental talks at vice-ministerial level in Kaesong today for thorough consultations on all kinds of outstanding issues. What is China's comment on that?
A: As a friendly and close neighbor, the Chinese side always encourages the DPRK and the ROK to contact and communicate with each other, improve bilateral relations, push forward reconciliation and cooperation and contribute positively to peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula. It is hoped that the intergovernmental meeting between the DPRK and the ROK would go smoothly and produce positive outcomes.
Q: Countries are trying to reach a deal at the Paris Conference on Climate Change. What is China's position? Is China prepared to make a financial commitment close to what developed countries make in order to solidify a deal?
A: Negotiations have made headway since the Paris Conference on Climate Change convened several days ago. The Chinese side welcomes the new draft of the Paris accord which was unveiled on the afternoon of December 10, local time. However, the draft left some major issues unresolved. There is still distance to be covered before we reach a final deal.
The success of the Paris conference hinges on the devotion of all 196 state parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The fire burns high when everybody adds wood to it. At the final stage of negotiation, all parties should increase coordination, show flexibility, resolve as many differences as they could and build consensus. Developed countries should play a leading role and contribute more to the world campaign against climate change. China, as a developing country, supports the Paris conference in producing an ambitious, powerful, comprehensive and balanced agreement, and has been making positive and constructive efforts for the success of the conference.
China is pressing ahead with industrialization, urbanization and modernization while dealing with multiple challenges including economic growth, poverty reduction, improvement of people's livelihood, environmental protection and climate change. China has never relented its efforts in tackling climate change and has made well-recognized achievements. China is vigorously making ecological endeavors to promote green, circular and low-carbon growth. China tops the world in terms of energy conservation and utilization of new and renewable energies. In its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions submitted to the UN in June this year, China pledges to peak CO2 emissions by around 2030 and strive to achieve it as soon as possible, and by 2030, reduce CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65% over the 2005 level. This requires strenuous efforts, but we have confidence and resolve to fulfill our commitments.
The Green Climate Fund is an important platform under the UNFCCC for developed countries to fulfill their duties of funding and supporting developing countries. Developed countries should increase their contributions to the fund. China announced in September the establishment of an RMB 20 billion South-South Climate Cooperation Fund, in a bid to bolster other developing countries' endeavor to deal with climate change, and enable them to better access capitals from the Green Climate Fund. China's South-South Climate Cooperation Fund will coordinate and cooperate with the Green Climate Fund and other institutions to improve developing countries' ability to cope with climate change.
The Chinese side will continue to pull together with all parties in a positive and constructive attitude and push for comprehensive, balanced and ambitious outcomes of the Paris conference following the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities, equity and respective capabilities so as to come up with equitable, reasonable and effective global solutions to climate change.
Q: Indian Army's Northern Commander is coming to visit China upon invitation. Given that China once denied visa to his predecessor, how shall we understand his visit this time?
A: Pending the final settlement of the boundary question, the Chinese and Indian sides should make joint efforts to safeguard peace and tranquility of the border areas. That is the important consensus reached by the two sides. Therefore, during Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to China in May, the two sides agreed to enhance border defense cooperation and carry out annual visits and exchanges between the two Military Headquarters and neighboring military commands, which were later put in the joint statement.
It is learnt that the upcoming visit by the Indian border defense delegation is an important part of implementing consensus reached by leaders of the two countries. We believe that this kind of exchange will help increase mutual understanding and trust between military of the two countries so that they could better manage border-related affairs and safeguard peace and tranquility of the border areas.
Q: Western media reported that the EU, the US and 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific states formed a "high ambition coalition" which is pushing the Paris conference towards an ambitious climate deal. China and India are not included in the coalition. What is your comment on that? Do you feel that the Chinese side is somehow shut out?
A: The accuracy of the information concerning the nature and the amount of participants to the coalition you mentioned is yet to be checked. I would like to stress that the Chinese side supports the Paris conference in reaching an ambitious deal which is also comprehensive, balanced and practical. China takes a positive and constructive part in the negotiations and stays in sound and close communication with all parties. In fact, we are all ambitious partners in the endeavor to seal a deal and set up an influential international mechanism against climate change at the Paris conference. There is no such thing of anyone being shut out.
Negotiations on the Paris accord have come to a final stage. It is hoped that all parties would focus on building consensus and work side by side to forge an accord in a practical and cooperative spirit. I believe that this is the most meaningful ambition shared by the international community.
Q: Mauricio Macri was sworn in as the president of Argentina yesterday. What is China's comment on that?
A: The Chinese side congratulates Mauricio Macri on taking the office as the Argentine president. Special Envoy of President Xi Jinping, Vice Chairman Ji Bingxuan of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress attended the inauguration ceremony of President Macri and met with him, conveying to him President Xi Jinping's warm congratulations and best wishes.
The Chinese side is ready to enhance interaction and broaden exchanges and cooperation with Argentina in an all-round manner following the principle of mutual respect, equality and mutually beneficial cooperation for win-win outcomes, carry forward major cooperation projects and strive for sustained and in-depth growth of China-Argentina comprehensive strategic partnership.